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World Diabetes Day is observed annually on 14th of November every year by International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the World Health Organization (WHO). The main aim of this awareness day is to create public awareness of the causes, prevention, diagnosis, management and treatment of diabetes. This year, the theme for 2018 is “The Family and Diabetes” Diabetes concerns every family Over 425 million people are currently living with diabetes.1 in 2 people currently living with diabetes are unaware, most of these cases are Type 2 Diabetes, which is largely preventable through regular physical activity, a healthy and a balanced diet along with the promotion of healthy living environment. Following are the tips to overcome Type 2 Diabetes: • All families are potentially affected by diabetes and so aware of the signs, symptoms and risk factors for all types of diabetes are vital to help to detect it early. • Raise awareness of the impact that diabetes has on the family and support network of those affected. • Promote the role of the family in the management, care, prevention, and education of diabetes. • Early diagnosis and treatment are key to prevent the complications of diabetes and achieve healthy outcomes. Families have a key role to play in addressing the modifiable risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes and must be provided with the education, resources, and environments to live a healthy lifestyle.

Medicinal

World Pneumonia Day is annually held on November 12 to raise awareness of pneumonia, promote prevention and treatment, and generate action to fight the illness. This year our theme for World Pneumonia Day is: “STOP PNEUMONIA” Worldwide, pneumonia takes the lives of more young children than any other disease - more than 100 every hour of every day. The single biggest cause of fatal pneumonia in childhood is preventable with a vaccine. Established in 2009, World Pneumonia Day is marked every year on November 12th to achieve the following goals: • Raise awareness about pneumonia, the world’s leading infectious killer of children under the age of 5 • Promote interventions to protect against, prevent, and treat pneumonia and highlight proven approaches and solutions in need of additional resources and attention • Generate action, including continued donor investment, to combat pneumonia and other common, yet sometimes deadly, childhood diseases. Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of deaths in children under five years old despite being easily preventable and treatable. Although vaccines and other preventative efforts are decreasing the burden of the disease, much more work is still required. Those living in poor communities are at the highest risk of pneumonia. Every child, regardless of where they are born, deserves access to lifesaving vaccines and medicines.

Medicinal

International Infection Prevention Week (IIPW) - 14th - 20th October Approximately 2 healthcare-associated infections occur in hospitals each year in any country, resulting in 90,000 deaths. For 30 years, CDC and infection-control professionals have implemented prevention strategies to reduce health-care-associated Infections. International Infection Prevention Week (formerly known as Infection Control Week) was established in 1986 to focus public and professional attention to health-care-associated infections and other infectious diseases. This year our theme for this Global event is: “Protecting Patients Everywhere” It is a collective responsibility to keep patients safe from infections. In any health-care setting, there are multiple types of germs, bacteria, and viruses which can spread from person to person through many different ways. It is our responsibility to “Break the Chain of Infections” and keep our patients safe, every day. 6 Effective Infection Prevention Ways • We can ensure infection prevention through: • Hand hygiene which includes proper washing of hands at least for 15 seconds • Proper handling of linen and infected clothes • Proper disposal of waste • Personal protective equipment for healthcare providers • Proper disposal of sharp objects • Proper environmental disinfection.